Dental Implants – Types, Procedure, And Advantages

Dental Implants – Types, Procedure, And Advantages

You can view dental implants as posts or frames surgically placed into the jawbone beneath the gums.

They bond entirely to your jawbone and allow for the placement of artificial teeth. The procedure requires specialized dental surgery because anesthesia use is unavoidable.

Implants have been in use for over 30 years and are viewed as the sturdiest devices for teeth replacement. Dentures are considered by most people but are not as strong as implants. With these implants, you get a better look, feel, and your teeth function more naturally compared to other forms of dental treatment.

Who can get an implant?

If you are healthy enough to undergo oral surgery or tooth extraction, you are a viable candidate for an implant. The patient should have a fully grown jawbone ad healthy gums to be able to grip the implant.

You should also maintain upright oral hygiene with regular dental visits for examinations. Implants are unsuitable for people under the age of 17 as they don’t have fully developed bones.

If you have the following conditions, it’s advisable not to opt for an implant.

  • Gum disease and infections
  • Heart disease
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Diabetes
  • Undertaking an organ transplant
  • Mental Conditions
  • Mucous membrane disorders
  • Have had radiation therapy around the neck area
  • Pregnant women

The healing time is longer for smokers and people who take alcohol. It’s smart to quit on cigarettes and alcohol weeks before the procedure

Our Open Wide Dental dentists recommend engaging your dentist first about the treatment before making a decision.

Various types of implants

  • Endosteal Implants

These are the most popular implants recommended for most patients. They, however, require a more developed jawbone for fusion with the implanted post. Placeholder screw-shaped posts are gorged into your jaw and artificial teeth fitted on top.

It takes some time for the post to heal as fusion time to create a solid hold is needed. Once the healing process is complete, the false crown is then fitted on the post to match the adjacent teeth.

  • Sub-periosteal Implants

If the first form of implants doesn’t work for you, opt for a sub-periosteal implant. It involves placing a frame underneath the gum then supported by frames. This implant doesn’t involve the jawbone at all.

The gum is allowed time to heal and hold the frame into place. The artificial crown is then placed within the poles protruding from the gum. In dentistry, this implant is recommended for people lacking enough jawbone or if you want to avoid extreme oral surgery.

  • Zygomatic Implants

This is the least popular form of implant. It’s not widely available to patients. Dentists refer to it as a “complex procedure” as the implant is done on the cheekbone and not the jawbone. It is strictly for patients without enough jawbone for an endosteal implant.

Procedure & treatment

There are three phases to this.

First is the screwing of the implant in the position where the original tooth was. It is thereafter covered with gum. Sedatives and anesthesia might be employed.

Next is the osteointegration process. You are given three months to heal and allow the jawbone and gum to grow over the implanted post. This automatically holds the post into position and makes it stronger.

In the last phase is where the false teeth are fitted onto the sturdy and healed implant.

Advantages of Implants

  • Implants bond with the bone giving you a natural look and feel of your original teeth
  • Unlike dentures that can slip out, implants are more comfortable and fit better.
  • Chewing is easier with teeth implants as they bond permanently with your bone
  • They don’t require any teeth removal compared to crowns and dentures.
  • More durable
  • They restore your smile giving you more self-confidence

Success Rate for Implants

The success of an implant is much determined by its positioning in the jaw. Generally, tooth implants have a 98% success rate all around the world, so it’s a sure option for most of your dental conditions. With appropriate care, your implant can last a lifetime.

Other techniques involved with dental implants include Bone augmentation, Ridge expansion, 3D Imaging, Sinus Lift, Mini Implants, and Immediate Load Implants. All of these are engaged if you develop complications, and your jaw can’t support standard implants.

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